Tuesday, September 1, 2009

The Forty Holy Virgin Martyrs and Their Teacher, St. Ammoun the Deacon

Icon of St. Ammoun the Deacon (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_ammoun_the%20_deacon.htm)
   
The following is an account of the Forty Holy Virgin Martyrs who are celebrated on September 1st, along with St. Ammoun the Deacon. It is taken from a longer article from the St. Nicodemos Publications site (http://www.saintnicodemos.org/articles/christianmartyrdom.php). Also scattered throughout are additional icons of some of the Forty Virgin Martyrs; many of the names of these Martyrs are popular Greek names.
   
The Forty Virgin Martyrs and Their Deacon Ammoun
One of the prophesies about the life of virginity, very prevalent in the New Testament, can be found in the 44th Psalm of David. There, Prophet David sees his distant, precious daughter, the Most Holy Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary, and prophesies: "Virgins shall be brought to the king after her. With joy and gladness they will be led to the temple of the king." The life of the Theotokos, the Birthgiver of God, as a model and fortress of the virgins, propelled many souls to devote themselves to Christ totally.

Icon of St. Ourania the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_urania.htm)
   

The Holy Spirit in the epistles of St. Paul, especially in the beginning of 1 Corinthians, exalts the state of virginity: "Now concerning the things which you wrote to me, it is good for a man not to touch a woman." In verse eight, St. Paul continues, "But I say to the unmarried and to the widows, it is good for them if they remain even as I am," meaning celibate. A few verses down (v. 32) St. Paul says, "But I want you to be without care. He who is unmarried cares for the things of the Lord how he may please the Lord. But he who is married cares for the things of the world how he may please his wife, or husband."So according to these verses of St. Paul, it is very clear that virginity and celibacy is more conducive to a higher spirituality. This is not to say that holiness cannot be reached within marriage that is also very, very possible. However, the great life of the Most Holy Theotokos, the Ever-Virgin, and the grace given to us in the New Testament and these great verses of St. Paul, spark a great love in Christians for a life of virginity and total devotion to the Lord.

Many young women lived in the homes of their parents. Just like the daughters of the deacon Philip, they lived a life of virginity, prayer, and devotion to the early Church. Although we did not have organized monasticism before the fourth century, all the elements of the ascetical or monastic lifestyle flourished in the life of the Church, and added to the Mother Church millions of martyrs.

Icon of St. Penelope the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_penelope.htm)
 
On the first day of September, which marks the opening of our ecclesiastical year, the Church opens its golden pages of martyrdom by celebrating the resolve of the forty women virgin ascetic martyrs who put to shame the torture mechanisms of Licinius. The forty women virgin martyrs lived in Adrianoupolis of Thrace, in northeast Greece, and they were disciples of Deacon Ammoun. During that time, around 305 AD, the emperor of the eastern region of the Roman Empire was Licinius, a dreadful persecutor of Christianity. Licinius had instituted a decree for the annihilation of all Christians who refused to sacrifice to idols. The decree of this bloodthirsty tyrant soon reached all cities, towns, and villages. Christians were slaughtered like lambs, refusing to submit to his soul-destroying promises and choosing rather to die for the love of their heavenly bridegroom.

Icon of St. Margarita (Margaret) the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_margaret.htm)
 
During these horrible years, the forty virgin martyrs were apprehended and put to the test along with their deacon Ammoun. The names of these glorious Christian women are as follows: Adamantine, Athena, Akrive, Antigone, Arivea, Aspasia, Aphrodite, Dione, Dodone, Elpinike, Erasmia, Erato, Ermeneia, Evterpe, Thaleia, Theanoe, Theano, Theonymphe, Theophane, Kalliroe, Kalliste, Kleio, Kleonike, Kleopatra, Koralia, Lambro, Margarita, Marianthe, Melpomene, Moscho, Ourania, Pandora, Penelope, Polymnia, Polynike, Sapfo, Terpsichore, Troada, Haido, and Harikleia.

By their daily ascetic struggles, by their prayers, vigils, and fasting, the seed of faith rooted, sprouted, and blossomed in the fertile ground of the virgins' souls. Steadfast faith, precise keeping of Christ's commandments, and obedience to their pious spiritual father Ammoun, made them as pure as lilies. This purity invites and hosts the two theological virtues of humility and love, which further house the Trinity in the Christian heart.

Icon of St. Athena the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_athena.htm)
 
The intimidations, threats, and tortures did not sway the virgins. The idolater archon Varos of Adrianoupolis did not sway the unshakable faith of this holy team of virgin martyrs. They united their godly prayers, and immediately and miraculously the priest of the idols was airborne. He remained suspended and hung in midair, thus punished for many, many hours, and finally he landed on the ground and breathed his last.

Icon of St. Aspasia the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_aspasia.htm)
   
Deacon Ammoun was hanged, and had his ribcage opened with knives. After this, a red-hot iron helmet was placed on his head. The above tortures caused no apparent harm to this athlete of Christ, so he was transported to Heraklea of Thrace, to the tyrant Licinius, along with the holy virgins. Licinius ordered to have ten of the virgin martyrs burned by fire, and another eight beheaded, along with deacon Ammoun. Another ten were put to death by the sword, being struck in the mouth or in the heart, thus giving up their spirit. Of those remaining, six were martyred by being forced to swallow sizzling hot iron marbles, and the last six were cut to pieces by knives.

Icon of St. Aphrodite the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_aphrodite.htm)
   
The forty martyred women and the martyr Ammoun exercised their faith, hope, and love toward Christ in an amazing way. They proved to the world that the Christian Gospel is not some ideology, but the source of life and power. They proved indefatigably that the Church of Christ is a divine creation. The fools for Christ defeated the wise.The weak defeated the mighty.. The words of St. John the Chrysostom find their full justification through the centuries: "The Church, under persecution, scores victories. When insulted, it becomes even more radiant. It receives injuries, but it does not succumb to the wounds. It sails through rough seas, but it does not sink. It fights, but it is never defeated. O man, there is nothing more powerful than the Church."

Icon of St. Antigone (Antigona) the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_antigona.htm)
   
With the unshakable and steadfast faith in the Resurrected Savior, the forty virgin martyrs did not simply show patience and perseverance through these various tortures. They didn't simply display boldness and heroism, but a characteristic element of Christian martyrdom the presence of joy, a joy quite inexplicable to the idolaters, and the cause of many conversions. Curious bystanders were often the eyewitnesses of a great marvel and profound mysteryPeople heavily injured dismembered, severely beaten, hanging on a cross (or about to be hung), engulfed by flames were full of joy. Instead of mourning,weeping and chest-beating, they were glorifying God. The day of martyrdom was a day of joy. They were rejoicing because they were deemed worthy to confess Christ, the cause of all joy. They irrigated the tree of the Church with their blood. There is no greater sermon, there is no better way to show to the unbelievers and idolaters that Christ is the true God. The blood of one martyr would bring in dozens of new believers to the Church often thousands.

Icon of St. Adamantina the Virgin Martyr (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_adamantina.htm)

Eusebius, the early church historian, informs us, "They didn't seem to worry when faced with persecution and all kinds of tortures, but they displayed fearless boldness through their faith in the God of all, and they welcomed their final decision of death with joy and laughter and great rejoicing. Therefore they chanted hymns and offered thanksgiving to the God of all, up until their last breath" (Ecclesiastical History, Volume 8, 9:5).

Icon of the Forty Holy Virgin Martyrs, with St. Ammoun the Deacon (taken from: http://christopherklitou.com/icon_1_sept_the_forty_virginmaryrs.htm)
   
Dismissal hymn of the martyrs, Plagal First tone:
O athletes of Christ, come and participate, And the forty maidens, along with pious Ammoun, Exalt with glorious festivities, For they fought the great fight, And by their ascesis in Christ, Were made powerful and radiant. Intercede to the Lord, For the salvation of our souls.

Stichera Prosomia of Vespers, Fourth Tone:
Let us all hymn Deacon Ammoun, Athena and Antigone, Elpinike, Moscho, Haido, Harikleia, With Pandora, Lambro, Kalliste, Troada, and Dodone, Erasmia, Erato, Kleonike and Thaleia, Marianthe, Evterpe, Arivea, Akrive with Aspasia, let us praise with joyous songs.
   
St. Ammoun the Deacon, surrounded by his holy disciples, the Holy Forty Virgin Martyrs (http://vatopaidi.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/o-avvas-ammoun-kai-oi-40-parthenomartyres-mathitries-tou.jpg)
   
Through the prayers of our Holy Fathers, Lord Jesus Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us! Amen!

10 comments:

GMT said...

VIRGIN MARTYRS FOR CHRIST DESERVE TO BE SAINTS !!!

Agioi_Anargyroi said...

They are very much Saints of the Orthodox Church. I thought that was clear, and I would otherwise try to mention if someone is not yet acknowledged to be a Saint. But thank you for the question and clarification.

Holy Forty Virgin Martyr Saints, intercede for us all!

george said...

I would like to obtain the icon:...St. Ammoun (in center) surrounded by his holy disciples: The Holy 40 Virgin Martyrs....thank you, George Moraitis , Port Jefferson, New York

Agioi_Anargyroi said...

I do not sell anything from this website. If you wish to obtain an icon of these saints, see the pictures throughout the post, or see the following site to order one: http://www.skete.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=product.display&product_id=422.

george said...

thank you..i have ordered icon from the Monastery before....they do have one style which i will purchase..but, i was looking for the 'bright-yellow' icon...tank you again, George

Takis Family said...

I would like to find the gold icon also with each of the 40 martyrs identified by name.

Takis Family said...

I would also like one of those gold icons with all the martyrs individually identified.

george said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
george said...

One of the 40 Martyrs is named 'Elpiniki' which was my mother's name......

Naomi said...

I believe that this monastery sells the icon of the 40 Virgin Martyrs with all of their names: http://www.stchrysostomoscrafts.com. I do not find the icon on their website, but I think someone from my parish bought this icon there.